Brain Injuries


As part of our ongoing commitment to our clients and the community awareness, we will be running a series of blogs in relation to Acquired Brain Injuries.

Living with an Acquired Brain Injury (‘ABI’) can be both confronting and confusing for a person and their family members.

There are many causes of brain injury including:

  • Traumatic Brain Injury – this is generally as a result of a blow to the head or the head being forced to move rapidly forward or backward with some loss of consciousness.  A TBI can occur from either a significant accident or assault.
  • Hypoxic-Anoxic Brain Injury – this type of injury occurs when there has been a substantial or total lack of oxygen supply to the brain.  Like the TBI, this can occur from a significant event like an accident or assault;
  • Alcohol Related Brain Injury (ARBI) – this occurs as a result of excessive alcohol consumption;
  • Stroke – there are different types of stroke including embolism, thrombosis and haemorrhage.  Strokes occur when there is a lack of bloody supply to the brain.

The long term effects of an ABI for each person.  Some people will suffer from lack of concentration and retention skills, lack of motivation, difficulties with short term memory and fatigue easily.

There are five key areas where an ABI might cause long term effects:

  1. Medical difficulties;
  2. Physical and sensory ability;
  3. Ability to think and learn;
  4. Behaviour and personality; and
  5. Communication.

How effected the above five areas will be is dependent upon the severity and nature of the ABI and the rehabilitation and support provided to a person.

NEXT TIME: Stay tuned for our discussion on the Impact of an ABI.

All information for the above article has been sourced from  “Acquired Brain Injury The Facts” 2nd Ed, Brain Injury Association of Qld (now known as Synapse)